Maurice Ravel (1875–1937) was a French composer.
Dating from 1904–1905, each piece in Ravel's Miroirs (Mirrors) for piano is dedicated to a different member of his artistic group, known as "Les Apaches". The first piece, "Noctuelles (Night Moths)," is dedicated to French poet and essayist Léon-Paul Fargue, "Oiseaux tristes (Sad Birds)" to pianist Ricardo Viñes (who also premiered the work), "Une barque sur l'océan (A boat on the Ocean)" to painter Paul Sordes, "Alborada del gracioso (The Gracioso's Aubade)" to music writer and critic Michel-Dimitri Calvocoressi, and "La vallée des cloches (The Valley of Bells)" to composer and pianist Maurice Delage
Ravel remarked that ‘these pieces marked such a change in my harmonic evolution that nonplussed even those most accustomed to my musical style'. He later arranged two of the set for orchestra, "Une barque sur l'ocean" and "Alborada del gracioso".
This recording is performed by pianist Abdel Rahman El Bacha.
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